How to Knit
Our step-by-step tutorials will guide you through a large number of knitting techniques, from the basics like knit stitch to new experiences, such as working with pom pom yarn.
How to Knit: Casting On (Thumb Method)
[00:00:10] Casting on news stitches using the thumb method or long tail method.
[00:00:18] You only use one needle. Begin by creating your starting loop in from the end of your yarn. Measure of full length roughly three times the required width of your knitting and make a loop. Slip the loop off your finger while holding it together.
[00:00:39] Tuck the top of the tail of yarn through the loop and pull through with your knitting needle, hold both ends of yarn and tighten gently.
[00:00:50] Start with the loop on your right hand needle and use the long tail of yarn in your right hand to create the stitch, with your left hand grasp the yarn that leads to the ball and wrap your thumb around the yarn starting at the top and working from back to front. [00:01:08][18.2] [00:01:10] Insert the right needle under the yarn wrapped around your thumb working from left to right then using the tail of yarn in your right hand wrap round the tip of your right needle in an anti clockwise direction and lift the loop off your thumb up and over onto the needle.
[00:01:47] With your left hand grasp the yarn and wrap your thumb around the yarn starting at the top and from back to front. Insert the right needle under the yarn wrapped around your thumb where it came from left to right right the tail of yarn with your right hand round the tip of the right needle and the anti clockwise direction and lift the loop off your thumb up and over onto the needle.
How to Knit: Knit Stitch
[00:00:10] Knit Stitch, this is the most common stage used in knitting.
[00:00:15] Insert the right needle into the front of the stage from left to right. Wrap the yarn round the tip of the right needle in an empty clockwise direction. Pull the right needle down through the stitch towards you, carefully pulling the yarn with the tip of the needle and lift off.
[00:00:40] Insert the right needle into the front stitch from left to right. Wrap the yarn round the tip of the right needle anti-clockwise direction. Pull the right needle down through the stitch towards you carefully pulling the yarn with the tip of the needle and lift off. In, round, through and off.
How to Knit: Purl Stitch
[00:00:10] Purl stitch, often used alongside knit stitch.
[00:00:17] Insert the right needle into the front of the stitch from right to left so that the right needle is in front of the Left needle, wrap the yarn round the tip of the right needle in an anti clockwise direction. Pull the right needle down through the stitch away from you carefully pulling the yarn with the tip of the needle and lift off.
[00:00:50] Insert the right needle into the front of the stitch from right to left so that the right needle is in front of the Left needle, wrap the yarn round the tip of the right needle in an anti clockwise direction, pull the right needle down through the stitch away from you carefully pulling the yarn with the tip of the needle and lift off. That's in round, through and off.
[00:01:28] Then round, through and off. Stocking stitch is created by knitting one row in knit stitch and one purl stitch, stocking stitch has a smooth right side, these are the knit rows, and a nobody texture on the back, these are the pearl rows.
How to Knit: Yarn Forward (YFWD)
[00:00:11] Yarn forward increase, when working and knit row your yarn is at the back of your work, bringing the yarn to the front and continuing to knit creates an extra stitch.
[00:00:24] Simply bring your yarn forward between your needles so it's now at the front of your work, knit the next stage in the usual way the yarn will have been pulled over the top of your right needle and been anchored in position by the knit stitch, creating a new stitch.
[00:00:46] Continue to bring your yarn forward to increase the number of stitches, as instructed in your pattern.
[00:00:53] We're just going to repeat the stitch right across the row just to demonstrate the action a few more times.
How to Knit: Slip, Slip, Knit (SSK)
[00:00:10] Slip, slip, knit is a neat way of forming a left slanting decrease.
[00:00:17] The pattern this creates works particularly well when shaping the top of slaves or at necklines. Insert the right needle into the front of the knit stitch on the left needle and simply slip it onto the right needle without knitting. Repeat this again simply slipping the next stitch over to the right needle. Push your left needle back through the front of these two slip stitches, working carefully from left to right. Wrap the yarn around the tip of the right needle in an anti clockwise direction and knit both stitches together as one.
[00:01:03] In this example we're repeating the stitch right across the row just to demonstrate the whole action a few times.
How to Knit: Mattress Stitch
[00:00:10] Mattress stitch.
[00:00:16] Work with right sides facing you and a sewing needle threaded with a matching yarn. Different colours have been used in the example just so that it's clearer to see.
[00:00:28] Carefully stretch your work so that you can clearly see the ladder effect created between each column of stitches. Sew your work together by inserting your sewing needle and each stitch or step in the ladder working steadily from side to side.
[00:00:51] This is a very neat style of seam that's also perfect for matching patterns and stripes. And if you need to it's fairly easy to unpick.
[00:01:03] Work closely and every few centimetres stop and gently pull the sewing yarn to bring the edges of your seam together, don't pull too tightly your seam should still be stretchy just like the rest of the garment.
How to Knit: Knit Two Together (K2TOG)
[00:00:10] Knitting two stitches together is an easy method to decrease the number of stitches, it also creates a right slanting decrease and is often used in conjunction with a left slanting decrease of the top of sleeves. When knitting two together instead of inserting your right needle into the next stitch, move across into the second stitch and working from left to right push tornado through the front of both stitches and knit in the usual way.
[00:00:45] We're just going to repeat the stitch right across the row just to demonstrate the action a few more times.
How to Knit: Casting Off
[00:00:11] Casting off.
[00:00:13] To end your knitting you will need to cast off your stitches. This means that they are anchored and will not come undone. Start by knitting two stitches then using your left needle carefully lift the first stitch on the right needle up and over the second, anchoring it firmly in place. Knit another stitch and repeat by lifting the first stitch up and over the second work closely so as not to make your cast off edge tight a non-elastic. Continue in the same way until you are left with just one stitch.
[00:01:25] Cut the yarn from the ball but leave a longtail that can be used for sewing up slip this tail through the loop and draw up firmly.
How to Knit: Picking Up A Dropped Stitch
[00:00:10] Picking up a drop stitch with a crochet hook.
[00:00:14] Working from the front of your knitting, find the drop stitch and give a little tug with the crochet hook, just enough to enlarge it slightly. Slip the hook through the drop stitch and hook the first rung of the ladder that falls behind it, pull gently remove your hook and repeat until you have picked up level with your knitting needles.
[00:00:48] From here you can pop the drop stage onto a stitch holder or a safety pin knit it back into your work.
How to Knit: Pass Slipped Stitch Over - Slip 1, Knit 1 (SKPO)
[00:00:11] Slip one, knit one, pass slip stitch over, this is another way to create a left slanting decrease that enhances the look of shaping.
[00:00:28] Insert the right needle into the front of the next stitch on the left needle and simply lift it onto the right needle without knitting. Knit the next stitch in the usual way, then using your left needle and working from left to right carefully lift the slip stitch up and over the stitch that you have just knitted. Here we're repeating the stitch right across the road just to demonstrate the action a few more times.
How to Knit: Knitting With A Lifeline
[00:00:12] You can create a lifeline by threading a sewing needle with a different colour yarn just run the sewing needle and yarn through each of the stitches on your needle. A lifeline is helpful when you are working on a complicated pattern, it marks a point in the pattern where you can go back to should you make a mistake. With a lifeline in place it's easy to undo your work without dropping any stitches.
[00:00:48] Once you have ripped back your knitting to the lifeline you can easily pick up your stitches with your knitting needle.
How to Knit: Moss Stitch
[00:00:10] Moss stitch.
[00:00:12] Moss stitch produces an attractive even fabric that is the same on both sides. When creating moss stitch it is important that you always work on an even number of stitches.
[00:00:25] In the first row you will knit one, purl one, knit one, purl one and continue in repeating these two stitches to the end of the road.
[00:00:55] The second row, you will purl one, knit one to the end of the row.
[00:01:17] Continue to work with this easy two row pattern. After a few rows you'll begin to see the full effect.
How to Knit: Knitting with Circular Needles (Knitting in the Round)
[00:00:10] Knitting with circular needles.
[00:00:14] Knitting on circular needles or knitting in the round produces a seam free tube of knitting that can be used for hats, socks, sleeves, rolled necks and more. Always make sure you are using the right length circular needle, you should always be able to easily reach your next stitch without stretching your knitting. Cast on the required amount of stitches using your preferred cast on method before beginning your first row, you must make sure that all the stitches face the same way and that there are no twists in your work, any twists cannot be corrected once you start knitting.
[00:00:59] Place a stitch marker over your right needle tip to mark the starting point so that you know where each row begins. Now you can start knitting your first round being careful to pull the yarn firmly on the first few stitches to ensure there are no gaps or holes.
How to Knit: Make One Stitch (M1)
[00:00:10] Make one stitch.
[00:00:12] Make one stitch creates an increase on both edges of your knitting. To show you, in this example we're knitting the first stitch in the row but you will follow your pattern as normal. To make one stitch carefully pick up the yarn that lies between the next stitch in the row with your right needle working from the front to the back, slip the yarn onto your left needle again working from the front to back. Now knit this new stitch through the back of the loop knitting through the back of the stitch and shows no gaps appear on the road below.
[00:00:54] You have now made one new stitch.
How to Knit: Picking Up Stitches On An Edge
Picking up stitches is a knitters way to avoid sewing on extra edgings. Use this method when picking up stitches along a back neck edge and for the centre front stitches that form the base of around neck line. With the right side facing starting at the right end of the work insert your needle into the 'V' of the first stitch from front to back just below the cast-off edge. Make sure that your needle isn't just going under the threads of the cast-off of stitches but into the entire stitch below. Wrap the yarn around the needle tip just as if you were knitting and pull a loop through. Repeat these steps pulling through one loop in each stitch across the row. Continue until you finish picking up all the stitches you need for your finish edge.
How to Knit: Knit Front And Back (KFB)
[00:00:10] Knitting into the front and back of a stitch is a method of increasing the number of stitches on your needle.
[00:00:17] In this example an increase is being made at both ends of the rug in order to create an even shape. Knit into the front of your stitch in the normal way but do not lift off your stitch from the left needle, now carefully twist your right needle and net into the back of the loop. Complete your stitch and let the old stitch drop.
[00:00:53] Continue to the last stitch and repeat. Knit into the front of the stitch and carefully twist your right needle and knit into the back of the loop. Complete your stitch and let the old stitch drop.
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How to Knit: Knitting With Pom Pom Yarn
[00:00:10] There are two basic methods of casting on and knitting with a pom pom yarn. Always check the instructions on your pattern to see which is the best one for your yarn. Method one using six point five millimetre needles and coordinating decay yarn cast on the required number of stitches using the thumb method. Make sure you do this loosely, if you don't cast on loosely enough the cast on edge will pull in and ruin the shape of your work. Break off the decay yarn and join in the pom pom yarn with a purl row, remember you only work with the connecting thread of yarn between the pom poms. Don't try to use the pom poms to form stitches. So, continue to purl the first row, taking care to use only the connecting thread of yarn.
[00:01:20] Row two. Knit and as before take care. to only use the connecting thread of yarn these two rows are known as reverse stocking stitch. As you continue, you will see how the pom poms begin to line up neatly on the front of your work.. As you can see in this example, the coordinating yarn is used to cast on and cast off the work.
[00:01:49] Method two; using one 3 millimetre needle to cast on, twist the strand of yarn between the pom poms between your thumb and fingers to form a loop. Slip your needle into the loop and twist again to secure. Continue to create loops between your thumb and fingers and slip them onto the tip of your needle until you have the required amount.
[00:02:20] With this yarn we're going to work every row in the next stitch as before we're only using the strand of yarn between the pom poms. Continue to work in garter stitch. You will notice that the pom poms line up on both sides of your work, both at the front and at the back.