Crochet Abbreviations

Common Crochet Abbreviations

Common Crochet Abbreviations UK and Australia

Confusing your double crochet cluster with your double treble crochet? Then check out our handy guide to the most common crochet abbreviations found in patterns today. With definitions for over ninety different abbreviations, be sure to keep this page handy for future patterns!


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alt Alternate



beg begin/beginning
bet between
BL or BLO back loop or back loop only
bo bobble
BP back post
BPdc back post double crochet
BPdtr back post double treble crochet
BPhdc back post half double crochet
BPsc back post single crochet
BPtr back post treble crochet



CC contrasting color
ch chain stitch
ch- refer to chain or space previously made, e.g., ch-1 space
ch-sp chain space
CL cluster
cont continue



dc double crochet
dc2tog double crochet 2 stitches together
dec decrease
dtr double treble crochet





edc extended double crochet
ehdc extended half double crochet
esc extended single crochet
etr extended treble crochet
etss extended Tunisian simple stitch




FL or FLO front loop or front loop only
foll following
FP front post
FPdc front post double crochet
FPdtr front post double treble crochet
FPhdc front post half double crochet
FPsc front post single crochet
FPtr front post treble crochet
forward pass




hdc half double crochet
hdc2tog half double crochet 2 stitches together




inc Increase




lp(s) Loop(s)




m Marker
MC  Main colour



pat/patt Pattern
pc Popcorn
PM  Place marker / place a marker
prev  Previous
ps or puff puff stitch




rem remaining
rep repeat
RetP return pass
rnd round(s)
right side




sc single crochet
sc2tog single crochet 2 stitches together
sh shell
sk skip
sl st slip stitch
sm or sl m slip marker
sp space
st stitch(es)




tbl through back loop
tch or t-ch turning chain
tdc Tunisian double crochet
tfs Tunisian full stitch
thdc Tunisian half double crochet
tks Tunisian knit stitch
tog together
tps Tunisian purl stitch
tr treble crochet
tr2tog treble crochet 2 stitches together
trs Tunisian reverse stitch
trtr triple treble crochet
tsc Tunisian single crochet
tslst Tunisian slip stitch
tss Tunisian simple stitch
ttr Tunisian treble crochet
ttw Tunisian twisted




Wrong Side 




yo Yarn Over
yoh Yarn Over Hook




" or in  Inch
() Work instructions within parentheses as many times as directed or work a group of stitches all in the same stitch or space
(..sts) The number within the bracket indicates the number of stitches
Repeat the instructions following the single asterisk as directed 
** Repeat instructions between asterisks as many times as directed or repeat at specified locations 
[…] Repeat the sequence within the square bracket by the number shown
{} Work instructions within brackets as many times as directed